Fotografía de Federico Parra para AFP
ACTUALIDAD ECONOMÍA

Desde 2014 la economía venezolana no deja de contraerse y el país sufre uno de los peores desastres de la historia contemporánea.  José Manuel Puente, profesor del IESA y de la Universidad de Oxford, y Jesús Rodríguez, académico de la Universidad de Warwick, calculan la magnitud del descalabro en su investigación Venezuela en etapa de colapso macroeconómico: un análisis histórico y comparativo.

Para el período 1980-2017, el análisis emplea datos de 192 países registrados por el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI).  En el caso de Venezuela se tomaron las cifras del Banco Central entre 1950 y 2015.  Ante la decisión del gobierno de ocultar la información oficial, se usaron proyecciones del FMI para el intervalo 2016 – 2017.

Puente indica:
“Tomando en cuenta la proyección del FMI de que la economía venezolana retrocedió 18% en 2016 y 12% en 2017, en los cuatro años del período 2013-2017 el PIB (Producto Interno Bruto) se redujo 34,6%, es decir, desapareció más de un tercio de la producción total de bienes y servicios.  Un colapso solo comparable con economías que han vivido grandes desequilibrios macroeconómicos o conflictos bélicos”.

(2) Crecimiento acumulado de los países de la OPEP [1998-2017]

https://public.tableau.com/shared/46K

https://public.tableau.com/shared/46KNHSBRS?:display_count=yes

Similar a una guerra
Venezuela ocupa la octava casilla en el ranking de los países que padecieron una contracción ininterrumpida del PIB durante cuatro años entre 1980 y 2017.  Es el único país latinoamericano de la lista, superando a Zimbabue, Congo y Bulgaria.  En el primer lugar se ubica Libia, con una reducción de la economía de 67,9%, seguida por Ucrania, Sierra Leona, Arabia Saudita, Tayikistán, Moldavia y Turkmenistán​.

Puente destaca un aspecto relevante:
“Al menos la mitad de los países de esta clasificación han estado inmersos en guerras civiles o alta conflictividad política.  Otro aspecto a resaltar es que, a excepción de Libia, Zimbabue y Venezuela, el resto de los casos se produjeron durante los años ochenta y noventa, es decir, en las últimas dos décadas los colapsos de esta magnitud son una rareza.  Libia sufre una guerra civil mientras que Zimbabue ha sido objeto de sanciones por parte de la Unión Europea y Estados Unidos por recurrentes violaciones de los derechos humanos”.

Líder en Latinoamérica
Si solo se observa Latinoamérica, Venezuela ocupa el primer lugar entre los países que han sufrido las mayores contracciones del PIB durante cuatro años consecutivos entre 1980-2017, seguido por Trinidad y Tobago, Surinam, Argentina, Nicaragua, Guyana, Uruguay, Bolivia, Saint Kitts and Nevis y Paraguay.

Puente pone en contexto esta clasificación:
“Para analizar este resultado es importante el caso de Nicaragua.  Durante los primeros años de la presidencia de Daniel Ortega, entre 1984 y 1988, la producción de bienes y servicios en este país se redujo 17,4% en medio del conflicto político y el bloqueo comercial que le aplicó Estados Unidos.  Sin embargo, esta caída representa aproximadamente la mitad de la contracción experimentada por Venezuela en los últimos cuatro años”.

También utiliza a Argentina como punto de comparación:

“Argentina padeció una fuerte crisis entre 1998-2002.  Recordemos que hablamos de los tiempos del corralito y en ese lapso de gran inestabilidad el PIB cayó 18,4%, una contracción muy inferior a la de Venezuela”.

Las consecuencias de chavismo
Desde 1951, la fecha más antigua en las estadísticas oficiales, Venezuela no había experimentado cuatro años consecutivos de caída del PIB.  Al evaluar como un todo a los gobiernos de Hugo Chávez y Nicolás Maduro el saldo no es positivo.

Puente precisa:
“El PIB de 2017 es 3,3% inferior al de 1998, lo que implica que los gobiernos de Hugo Chávez y Nicolás Maduro prácticamente representan dos décadas perdidas en términos de crecimiento económico y un proceso que deja al país con un aparato productivo profundamente diezmado y con una escasa capacidad para generar riqueza”.

Para evaluar con mayor rigurosidad lo sucedido en el período 2013-2017, la investigación incluye el PIB per cápita del lapso 1951-2017 a precios de 1997.  El análisis de este dato concluye que la producción de bienes y servicios por habitante se redujo 38% en los últimos cuatro años y se ubicó al nivel de 1955.

Otro aspecto a tomar en cuenta es que el chavismo alargó el estancamiento que padece Venezuela desde 1980.  Puente afirma:

“Luego de casi cuatro décadas, el país no ha mostrado avances significativos en la producción de bienes y servicios para mejorar el bienestar de la población e incluso presenta niveles de actividad económica inferiores a los registrados en 2003 y 1989, años en que Venezuela experimentó fuertes caídas del PIB y altos niveles de conflictividad política y social.  En resumen, en los últimos cuarenta años, la economía venezolana simplemente no ha crecido”.

Modelo en implosión
Si bien el gobierno de Maduro insiste en que la crisis obedece al declive de los precios del petróleo y a la “guerra económica” orquestada por las empresas privadas, Puente y Rodríguez sostienen que el país sufre el colapso de un modelo desacertado que pudo flotar, pero estaba hecho para hundirse.

La lista de fallas que explican la implosión incluye: un esquema de extrema regulación a través de controles de precios, de cambio y tasas de interés; un proceso de expropiación sistemática que contrajo el aparato productivo y pulverizó la inversión privada nacional y extranjera; un elevado incremento de la deuda de la nación; la inexistencia de un fondo de estabilización para enfrentar las fluctuaciones en los precios del petróleo y una fuerte apreciación del tipo de cambio oficial que generó un boom de importaciones e impactó negativamente a los sectores que producen bienes transables.

Puente indica:
“Es el colapso de un modelo.  En 2013 con los precios del petróleo en torno a cien dólares el barril la economía apenas creció 1,3%.  El declive en la cotización del barril agudiza una contracción que comenzó antes.  Además, no existe ninguna otra economía petrolera que presente los desequilibrios macroeconómicos que Venezuela está evidenciando: aguda contracción económica, alta y persistente inflación y sistemática escasez de bienes básicos”.

Puente explica que otro aspecto a considerar es que entre 1998 y 2017, el PIB de Venezuela cayó 3,3% mientras que las economías de los países miembros de la OPEP crecieron en promedio 162,6%.

Tres patologías
Todo apunta a que Venezuela camina a un quinto año consecutivo de recesión.  A las proyecciones de entidades financieras, firmas especializadas y analistas, el profesor del IESA agrega la teoría económica:

“Para rescatar el crecimiento, mejorar el abastecimiento y controlar la inflación en una economía como la venezolana se requiere de un conjunto de medidas adecuadas y tiempo.  Se necesitan entre diez y catorce meses para que la economía responda a los incentivos correctos.  Estamos en febrero de 2018 y no se ha hecho nada de lo necesario.  Por lo tanto, es prácticamente seguro que este año continúe el ciclo recesivo”.

Desde su punto de vista todo apunta a un mayor deterioro en 2018:
“A este agudo ciclo recesivo se une una hiperinflación y el incremento intermensual de los precios se está acelerando, por lo tanto, lo peor está por venir al punto de que el FMI proyecta inflación de 13.000% para este año.  Además, hay un desabastecimiento brutal.  Entonces, estamos ante tres variables que tienen un impacto devastador desde el punto de vista social”.

No duda en advertir: “No hay cambio económico sin un cambio político.  Nicolás Maduro no quiere ni puede, no tiene la visión, el equipo y la credibilidad para aplicar un plan de reformas exitoso”.

Hay salida
Aunque Venezuela ha sufrido un colapso severo y todo apunta a que seguirá deteriorándose este año, Puente señala que, de aplicarse los correctivos adecuados, el país puede salir del túnel y comenzar a transitar el camino hacia la recuperación y la prosperidad.

“Hay que dejar claro que existen las medicinas para curar esta enfermedad, Venezuela no está condenada a una catástrofe.  Entre las medidas que habría que tomar se encuentran eliminar el control de precios, desmontar el control de cambio, aplicar un tipo de cambio único competitivo y reestructurar la deuda externa.  Asimismo, es necesario obtener recursos financieros para fortalecer el sector externo y financiar un programa social de emergencia que incluya subsidios directos”.

– Víctor Salmerón – 19-2-2018

Lea también: ¿Cuánto tiempo tomará recuperarnos de la debacle económica?; por Douglas Barrios y Miguel A.  Santos

 

575 Comentarios

  1. Good – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task..

  2. Hi there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Exceptional blog and outstanding design.

  3. Many people look at traveling to be a strange occurrence. It might be for fun or since it’s needed. No matter if the next getaway is just one you are taking for company of you should, it is likely you want some journey ideas making it fantastic. This bit offers you some good tips to improve your traveling experiences. When traveling out of your country, make certain somebody back home includes a in depth backup of your schedule. Make certain they are aware exactly where you’ll be keeping yourself where you can way to speak to you in the event of an unexpected emergency. This is also great around the away case that something transpires with you they can discover you. When eating at the diner where you stand nevertheless puzzled by the traditions, take note of the practices in the other diners. Not only will copying them help you make a decision what you should get, it might even prevent you from committing an embarrassing imitation pas before the other diners. Should you or perhaps a travel associate is very seriously hypersensitive or responsive to tobacco smoke, don’t just request a no-using tobacco area. Seeking that your particular room be found on a no-smoking flooring ensures that your neighbors will not be smoking cigarettes with their bedrooms once the doorways are opened, which smoke cigarettes will not carry in between house windows of rooms on the very same floor. Load up an additional handbag for dirty clothes. No one wants to bring along their messy unmentionables in with all their great issues. Package a tiny, collapsible handbag to pack dirty clothing in for the profit getaway. Additionally, deliver a rubbish bag. You are able to place messy outfits inside the rubbish handbag to keep them apart from everything. Before you decide to reach your traveling location, look for the web to find a blog writer who posts about what’s taking place in this city. Take the time to email the blog writer and inquire for their tips about the best places to go. This is certainly a wonderful way to get the on the inside scoop on your trip spot. 90 of any very good vacation is planning and knowledge. Possessing check this out post, with any luck ,, you might be now loaded with tips on getting ready for and surviving your upcoming experience away from home. Utilize the things you have discovered and you are certain ahead home with excellent recollections of stopped at destinations.

  4. Hello there! This article couldn챠t be written any better! Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept talking about this. I most certainly will forward this post to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have a very good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  5. My spouse and I stumbled over here by a different web address and thought I might check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to looking at your web page again.

  6. Sweet blog! I found it while browsing on Yahoo News. Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Thanks

  7. Having read this I thought it was extremely informative. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put strategi judi roulette this information together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and commenting

  8. I am so happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  9. Very nice article and right to the point. I don’t know if this is in fact the best place to ask but do you people have any thoughts on where to hire some professional writers? Thanks in advance 🙂

  10. Hi! I’ve been following your site for some time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Humble Texas! Just wanted to tell you keep up the excellent job!

  11. Usually I don’t learn post on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do it! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, quite great article.

  12. I liked up to you will obtain performed right here. The caricature is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following. ill undoubtedly come further until now once more since precisely the similar just about very continuously within case you protect this increase.

  13. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and all. However just imagine if you added some great pictures or videos to give your posts more, «pop»! Your content is excellent but with pics and videos, this website could undeniably be one of the greatest in its field. Great blog!

  14. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  15. Good blog! I really love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I could be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your feed which must do the trick! Have a great day!

  16. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! However, how could we communicate?

  17. Having read this I believed it was very informative. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put poker indonesia this content together. I once again find myself spending a significant amount of time both reading and commenting

  18. hello there and thank you for your information – I have definitely picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise some technical issues using this web site, as I experienced to reload the website a lot of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and could damage your quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for a lot more of your respective fascinating content. Make sure you update this again very soon..

  19. I’d need to talk with you here. Which isn’t some thing It’s my job to do! I like reading a post that will get people to believe. Also, thanks for allowing me to comment!

  20. Have you ever thought about creating an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog based on the same subjects you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my viewers would enjoy your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e-mail.

  21. I think this is one of the most vital information for me. And i am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few general things, The website style is perfect, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers

  22. Hmm it looks like your website ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to everything. Do you have any recommendations for novice blog writers? I’d certainly appreciate it.

  23. Its like you read my thoughts! You seem to understand a lot approximately this, like you wrote the guide in it or something. I believe that you simply can do with some to drive the message house a bit, but instead of that, that is excellent blog. A great read. I will definitely be back.

  24. I was more than happy to seek out this net-site.I wished to thanks in your time for this glorious learn!! I positively having fun with each little bit of it and I’ve you bookmarked to take a look at new stuff you blog post.

  25. Someone necessarily lend a hand to make severely articles I’d state. This is the first time I frequented your website page and so far? I surprised with the analysis you made to make this actual post extraordinary. Great job!

  26. I just want to say I’m newbie to weblog and actually enjoyed you’re blog site. Likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You surely come with good well written articles. Kudos for sharing your blog.

  27. There are certainly loads of particulars like that to take into consideration. That could be a nice point to bring up. I offer the ideas above as basic inspiration however clearly there are questions just like the one you convey up the place a very powerful factor might be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged round issues like that, but I am sure that your job is clearly identified as a good game. Each girls and boys really feel the impression of only a moment’s pleasure, for the remainder of their lives.

  28. Someone necessarily assist to make severely posts I’d state. This is the first time I frequented your web page and to this point? I surprised with the research you made to create this actual submit incredible. Excellent job!

  29. Very good blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you propose starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m totally confused .. Any tips? Thanks a lot!

  30. This is the best weblog for anyone who desires to seek out out about this topic. You realize a lot its virtually onerous to argue with you (not that I truly would need…HaHa). You positively put a new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Nice stuff, simply nice!

  31. With havin so much content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement? My website has a lot of exclusive content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my permission. Do you know any ways to help reduce content from being ripped off? I’d truly appreciate it.

  32. Wow! Thank you! I always wanted to write on my blog something like that. Can I implement a part of your post to my blog?

  33. Thanks , I’ve just been searching for information approximately this topic for a while and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered so far. However, what in regards to the bottom line? Are you certain concerning the supply?

  34. You could certainly see your expertise within the paintings you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. At all times go after your heart.

  35. As I web-site possessor I believe the content matter here is rattling magnificent , appreciate it for your hard work. You should keep it up forever! Best of luck.

  36. Thanks , I have recently been searching for info about this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I’ve found out till now. But, what about the conclusion? Are you sure concerning the supply?

  37. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people consider worries that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  38. I’ll immediately grab your rss as I can’t find your email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please let me know so that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  39. Thanks , I have just been searching for information about this topic for ages and yours is the best I’ve discovered till now. But, what about the bottom line? Are you sure about the source?

  40. fantastic points altogether, you just gained a new reader. What may you suggest in regards to your submit that you made a few days in the past? Any certain?

  41. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  42. What i don’t realize is in reality how you’re not actually a lot more smartly-appreciated than you might be right now. You are so intelligent. You realize therefore significantly on the subject of this subject, produced me in my view consider it from so many varied angles. Its like men and women don’t seem to be interested until it’s one thing to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. At all times maintain it up!

  43. Someone essentially help to make critically articles I would state. This is the very first time I frequented your web page and to this point? I amazed with the analysis you made to create this particular post extraordinary. Great task!

  44. Hi! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a collection of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us valuable information to work on. You have done a wonderful job!

  45. I simply want to mention I am all new to blogging and truly loved your web-site. Probably I’m want to bookmark your blog post . You definitely come with beneficial stories. Thanks a lot for sharing with us your web site.

  46. Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!

  47. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your wonderful post. Also, I have shared your site in my social networks!

  48. I have figured out some new elements from your internet site about computer systems. Another thing I’ve always assumed is that laptop computers have become something that each family must have for most reasons. They supply you with convenient ways to organize the home, pay bills, shop, study, pay attention to music and perhaps watch shows. An innovative strategy to complete many of these tasks has been a notebook. These pcs are mobile, small, powerful and convenient.

  49. I’m intending to start my blog quickly, but I’m a little shed on every little thing. Would you suggest starting with a complimentary platform like WordPress or go with a paid choice? There are so many platforms around that I’m totally confused. Love to hear tips? Many thanks a whole lot.

  50. On journey forums, tales of woe are very common. However, the bottom line is, the problem could possibly not have access to taken place with good preparation. After you look at this report, you will not have any vacation difficulties caused by very poor planning yet again! To stop injury or illness from spoiling your vacation, make sure that your medical care insurance policy is applicable when you find yourself away from home – specially if you are planning a trip abroad. If you locate out you are not covered, don’t stress. Consult with your travel agency or on the web for getaway insurance. If you’re will be traveling by air flow, make sure you don’t place any belongings or electronics within your checked travel luggage. Suitcases handlers aren’t considered mild and any electronic devices could end up destroyed while in transport. Airlines may also be proven to lose luggage and you don’t desire to take a chance of losing something important. When traveling, always expect to have stuff taken. Make advance photocopies of your significant paperwork. You may even upload electronic digital tests of those documents for simple entry while traveling. Your local United states embassy can assist you in contacting these in your house that can wire you urgent funds or aid in replacing your passport, however, not a lot different. If you are planning a getaway overseas, it is essential to be sure to acquire the required shots beforehand. While you are within the planning phases of your respective vacation, take note of any vaccinations which can be required or advised. Failing to do this could create available for risky spectacular ailments that could destroy your journey, or a whole lot worse, destroy your state of health. Finally, the main reason there are numerous bad holiday stories is so many people are unprepared for travel. The advice this article provided to you is going to make you correctly which means your getaway is a soothing and satisfying experience to suit your needs.

  51. I simply want to mention I’m newbie to blogging and truly liked this blog. Probably I’m likely to bookmark your site . You definitely come with exceptional articles and reviews. Appreciate it for revealing your website page.

  52. Whether you would like to discover the world and see new places, or just reach your in-legal guidelines home with no major disasters along the way, the guidelines in the following paragraphs will allow you to get from level A to level B without any hiccups and achieving exciting along the way. When flying, be sure you wear loose fitted clothes and move-on boots. This will likely ensure your trip is comfortable. Not only that, it won’t acquire so long to get through protection if you can rapidly consider your shoes or boots off and on. Loose clothing allows for virtually any temporary irritation that you may experience because of atmosphere stress within the plane’s cabin. Preparing your luggage smarter enables you to bring more fun! The simplest way to take full advantage of place within your baggage is always to lay a product level and roll it up. Roll as many points as possible and suit them tightly jointly. Filling socks and under garments into your shoes or boots will save you even more area. When you are traveling to less-created regions on the planet, be sure you bring extra battery packs for your electronics. Not every places may have reachable electric powered outlets to fee your items, neither will each nation promote even typical AA or AAA battery packs. It is best into the future equipped rather than not be able to make use of your video camera. If you’re will be traveling in the near future, don’t undergo a travel agent. You’ll get your holiday priced at twice as much. Somewhat, check around on the internet by way of different deal dealers like expedia.com or travelocity.com. This should help you save cash which can be much better invested when you get to your vacation spot, probably on gifts, or perhaps for that great gentleman on the internet that gave you this hint. If you are taking time now to get ready for your forthcoming vacation, you can save yourself plenty of issues and severe headaches that you may be familiar with. Placing these tips and tips to excellent use will allow you to have a wonderful time traveling without having contemplating whether or not you left the range on.

  53. Get The Most From Your Trip With One Of These Swift Recommendations Traveling may be a lot of fun but planning the getaway doesn’t are generally as exciting. It may seem to be mind-boggling to organize every one of the logistics of any getaway. The information in this post will help make getaway planning for a wind in order that you prepare and savor your quite following journey. To prevent dangerous liaisons, be intelligent about foods allergy symptoms when going to a overseas nation. It is necessary that you should learn terminology for terms regarding meals in addition to their planning to enable you to prevent a hypersensitive reaction if your food items hypersensitivity is particularly bad. This provides you with to speak to other people what foods which you have an allergic reaction to in order to be maintained out of your meals. Be familiar with specific meals allergy symptoms when going to a unfamiliar country or new position. Find out each of the international phrases for anyone foods if you have food allergic reactions that are generally significant. This will give you the ability to notify your waiter or waitress from the meals you are trying to protect yourself from. When you are vacationing by way of a more compact airport terminal, take a look at their website to discover what services the flight offers. Do not expect an air travel to focus on your whims while you are soaring. If you really need earbuds, a blanket plus a pillow being secure although traveling by air, a mild cover and cozy earbuds.You need to think of delivering your own personal food in order to eat what you want. If you’re touring somewhere in which you’ll require passes, determine whether on the web seat tickets are available, and printing them beforehand. The tiny charge just for this service is worth it if you think about the collections that you could avoid. If the park your car works with a timed admittance process, you won’t should wait to penetrate, as well. You can see exotic and different crops inside the wasteland. When driving a vehicle or having a plane with a young child, pack stuff to maintain your child occupied. Provide toys in order to avoid video games and anxiety that you know the kid truly loves. You may take into account buying a couple of new games to grab his consideration. You just can’t explain to how the weather will do. An incredible example of taking advantage of everything you have is using a raincoat for winter weather, or even a bathrobe for the accommodation continue to be. A desert usually contains a lot of intriguing places to check out in addition to creatures that frequently are certainly not observed any place else. For your upcoming holiday, make certain that you’re effectively-ready and experienced with all the guidance using this article. Using individuals you discover most useful will assure a great vacation this period, and ideas for the next time, even though you probably won’t use all of the suggestions provided.

  54. Preparation your upcoming trip or business travel can invariably be worrisome. Along the way you could forget some things that you need to remember for any safe and be concerned totally free trip. This article below includes some original suggestions you could very easily include in your after that quest for full good results. When you are traveling by oxygen, in the event that you must check your luggage, be sure you that always keep at the very least a difference of garments along inside your carry-on case. Then should your suitcases accidentally becomes misplaced and also the air carrier must monitor it lower you’ll at the minimum possess a nice and clean alter of clothes. Even though it will take a couple of days to discover your luggage and obtain it for you personally, you are able to more than likely wash your clothing at the motel. A terrific way to acquire some sleep at night on an aircraft is actually by delivering an eyes mask. Even if you close the eyes, you can still begin to see the various hues and designs before you. By having an vision mask, that will enable that it is completely blacked out, permitting much better potential for sleeping. When you are traveling in an not known territory, you should check out testimonials of dining places and hotels on-line. Having access to the internet in your smartphone, can be a actually beneficial factor when deciding what accommodation to invest the night in or where you can dine. This helps you prevent terrible areas and local communities or suprisingly low graded dining places. Make sure to package liquids in plastic-type material totes. Packaging liquids within your baggage can result in tragedy. No one wants to look at their baggage and locate it filled with poured shampoo or conditioner and mouthwash. To stop this kind of calamity totally, remember to load up all beverages in ziplock bags. Be sure to close off the luggage appropriately. If you’re going on a luxury cruise, you should get there every day ahead of time. This can cease all those shut cell phone calls to getting caught in website traffic or obtaining your flight delayed and making you miss your trip. The stress of almost lacking the ship is just not how you want to start your vacation. Vacation can be a exciting and thrilling planet that may be only constrained from the magnitude of a person’s budget. There are unlimited possibilities, permutations, and preparing you can do. Start experimenting to find some position new so that you can go or discover a new challenge to help you improve your travels. Turn out to be influenced by the following tips!

  55. Good day! I simply would like to give a huge thumbs up for the great information you’ve gotten right here on this post. I can be coming again to your weblog for extra soon.

  56. When I originally commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Thanks!

  57. Nice post. I study something more difficult on different blogs everyday. It should always be stimulating to read content material from different writers and observe just a little one thing from their store. Id favor to make use of some with the content on my blog whether or not you dont mind. Natually Ill offer you a hyperlink on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  58. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything like this before. So good to search out somebody with some authentic thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for beginning this up. this web site is one thing that’s needed on the web, somebody with a little bit originality. useful job for bringing something new to the web!

  59. Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is great, let alone the content!

  60. Exceptional post however I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this subject?
    I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little
    bit further. Many thanks!

  61. Hey! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.Anyways, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be bookmarking andchecking back frequently!

  62. how to properly take viagra how to get prescription for viagra
    free viagra viagra dosage recommendations https://edjass.com/ natural viagra sildenafil 20 mg vs viagra
    viagra vs cialis reddit where to buy viagra (sildenafil citrate) online

  63. mom lets son fuck her after giving him viagra what what kind of viagra don’t need prescription
    generic sildenafil cialis vs viagra https://goeedl.com/ cialis tadalafil generic viagra 100mg
    is viagra government funded 2019 what if viagra stops working

  64. what is better: viagra, levitra, or cialis? which boots sell viagra
    over the counter viagra generic cialis https://lmeed.com/ nizagara 100 mg vs viagra stendra vs viagra
    how much viagra with crystal meth lowest price viagra

  65. what happens if i take viagra without needing it what are the side effects of taking viagra
    female viagra cialis on line https://aviib.com/ natural viagra substitute viagra canada online pharmacy
    taking viagra and levitra together what are the side effects of viagra and cialis

  66. son on viagra fucks mother viagra (or sildenafil) might what dose to reduce risk of developing colorectal cancer.
    viagra erection after ejaculation generic viagra online pharmacy https://edjass.com/ sildenafil generic
    what is the advantage and disadvantage of taking viagra during sex pdf how can i buy viagra over the counter

  67. where can you find viagrawho is the lady wearing football jersey in the viagra commercial
    viagra vs cialis https://aviib.com/ viagra generic availabilityviagra without a doctor prescription from canada
    viagra in mexico over the counterordering viagra from canada

  68. how should i take viagra for best results?
    can an 11 year old take viagra
    how much should i have to pay for viagra here in the us

  69. Wow! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a entirely different subject but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!

  70. You could certainly see your expertise within the paintings you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who aren’t afraid to mention how they believe. All the time go after your heart.

  71. My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on several websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform. I have heard very good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  72. Wonderful article! This is the type of info that are supposed to be shared across the net. Disgrace on the search engines for now not positioning this post upper! Come on over and visit my site . Thank you =)

  73. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this blog. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to get that «perfect balance» between usability and appearance. I must say you’ve done a excellent job with this. Additionally, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Safari. Outstanding Blog!

  74. I need to to thank you for this good read!! I absolutely enjoyed every bit of it. I have got you book marked to check out new stuff you post…

  75. Ahaa, its fastidious dialogue regarding this paragraph at this place at this website, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.

  76. It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some interesting things or advice. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read even more things about it!

  77. Greetings from Carolina! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to check out your blog on my iphone during lunch break. I love the knowledge you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, awesome blog!

  78. I think this is one of the most important info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The website style is great, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  79. Tommy *atts is a scam artist and he is also using the name Paul Silverman. he legally changed his name to this in order to repair his credit and to hide from his scam victims. He lives in very expensive condos in Marina del Rey, CA. DON’T GIVE THIS GUY MONEY NO MATTER *HAT HE SAYS HE OR HIS SO-CALLED ASSOCIATES CAN DO!!!HE IS A SCAM AND THE SCUM OF THE EARTH!!!HE *ILL TAKE YOUR MONEY AND STRING YOU ALONG AND THEN CUT OFF ALL CONTACT. HE LIKES TO EAT AT CRUSTACEAN’S RESTAURANT.THATS *HERE I MET HIM AND HE PULLED OUT HIS FAKE BLACKCARD *HICH HE COULDN’T EVEN USE TO PAY FOR THE MEAL.

  80. To bole and we all other the previous ventricular that corrupt corporeal cialis online from muscles still with however basic them and it is more run-of-the-mill histology in and a box and in there very serviceable and they don’t equable death you are highest trick misguided on the international. writing a paper Iyyhkr fidtwd

  81. It’s remarkable to visit this website and reading the views of all
    friends regarding this paragraph, while I am also keen of getting familiarity.
    31muvXS cheap flights

  82. Hello there! Quick question that’s entirely off
    topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My blog looks weird when browsing from my iphone.

    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to resolve
    this issue. If you have any suggestions, please
    share. Thank you! adreamoftrains best web hosting

  83. Hi great blog! Does running a blog such as this require a lot of work?I’ve absolutely no expertise in computer programming butI was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyhow, should you have any suggestions or tips for newblog owners please share. I understand this is off topic but I just had toask. Appreciate it!

  84. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find a lot of your post’sto be what precisely I’m looking for. Does one offer guestwriters to write content for you? I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on many of thesubjects you write about here. Again, awesome weblog!

  85. Heⅼlo man, Thiis waѕ an excellent age for such a difficult subject tο speak about.I llook forward t᧐ reading a ⅼot more ɡreat posts ѕuch as these.Thank you.

  86. To bole and we all other the former ventricular that corrupt real cialis online from muscles nonetheless with still basic them and it is more plebeian histology in and a crate and in there very serviceable and they don’t equable liquidation you are highest dupe dotty on the international. cialis generic cialis tadalafil generique

  87. We stumbled over here from a different website and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to finding out about your web page for a second time.

Dejar respuesta

Por favor escribe tu comentario
Pro favor introduce tu nombre